Coca leaf is a plant that was discovered by the South American natives 4,500 years ago. They chewed coca leaves as food and this allowed them to stay vital for many years, fatigue and hunger eased them and, perhaps without them knowing it, they represented a vitamin and mineral supplement, an option for the repair of the cell membrane, He counteracted stomatitis -inflammation of the buccal mucosa- as well as it served as an analgesic. Since those times, many elderly people lived in the Andean heights of South America. Most of the natives of this region chewed coca leaves daily. In this extreme environment (4,000 to 4,500 meters above sea level), with chronic hypoxia and low atmospheric pressure, cultures such as Paracas, Tiahuanaco and Inca emerged. Coça leaf is as good a food as the grains are and in 4,500 years of mastication, there has never been a single case of death due to this activity, nor has any death been supported by the consumption of grains. Neither the consumption of the coca leaf nor that of the grains causes dependence like that of the drug. That is, if we define the drug, the coca leaf is not a drug. The reason for this claim has scientific evidence that the global definition for a substance to be considered a narcotic drug has the following terms:
- Produce physical dependence
- Causes damage because of a great psychological dependence
- It causes violent deaths and crimes because it provokes aggression in people
- It is teratogenic
- Theory of the Step (Gateway drug theory)
The Coca leaf has been defined by the United Nations as a drug in 1961, but if that labeling was because cocaine can be produced from it, this would be a mistake. The difference between the two is concentration and the main one is that the consumption of cocaine causes drug dependence and produces psychiatric illnesses, that of the coca leaf does not.
1 . According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy: “Which produces malformations in the embryo or fetus.”
2 . It refers to that, even when the harmful effect of a drug such as marijuana, is not so serious, people who consume tend to seek a greater stimulus and begin to consume heroin for example.
Although the coca leaf contains 0.7% cocaine, “the amount that the body actually absorbs during mastication is much less than 0.2 mg.” On the other hand, the pharmacological or therapeutic dose of cocaine hydrochloride is normally from 15 to mg, the mortal dose being-considering a great individual variability- of approximately 1 g. However, drugs with dependence or potent toxicity such as opium, cocaine and stimulants are strictly regulated throughout the world. In different countries, the police and the State are committed to controlling and preventing the social insecurity caused by drug trafficking. Even so, organized crime is dedicated to the cultivation, production, smuggling and illegal trafficking, and society is deeply affected. As these are products from which large profits can be obtained with a small amount, they become a tempting resource to increase funds of criminal organizations. In the production are involved anti-government organizations, guerrilla groups and terrorists; criminal organizations, gangsters and gangsters are involved in its traffic The German Friedrich Georg Carl (Friedrich) Gaedcke (June 5, 1828-19 September 1890) was the first to succeed in extracting cocaine from the coca leaf in 1855. In part, it has been pointed out that the countries classified by the United States are related to trafficking as pro-terrorists. Prices are overvalued compared to the cost of production or raw material, due to the imbalance in supply and demand caused by the rigorous control.
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